If you are interested in the history of Sri Lanka or interested in the architecture of ancient times this city is a must that you have to visit. This is one of the ancient capital cities of the ancient kingdom during this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centers of political power and urban life in South Asia. The ancient city considered sacred to the Buddhist world.
historical data that indicates that the city was founded in the 5 century BC archaeological data suggests that the history dates back to the 10 century BC. However, it was King Pandukabhaya who planned the layout of the city and made it his capital in the 4th century BC. He constructed many reservoirs and shrines. The city reached its highest magnificence by the beginning of the Christian era. The city boasted some of the most complex irrigation systems in the ancient world
There are mainly 2 types of ruins that you can see in Anuradhapura Dagobas ( bell-shaped masses of masonry), ponds that are called Pokunas ( bathing ponds and water for drinking).
These are some major tourist attractions that can be found in Anuradhapura
Sri Maha Bodhi
Sri Maha Bodhi the sacred Bodhi Tree ( Fig Tree ) which is believed to be a direct descendant from the original Bo tree under which The Lord Buddha reached his enlightenment.
Ruwanwelisaya is the stupa built by King Dutugamunu. This stupa is the tallest stupa in Sri Lanka.
Thuparamaya is another dagoba in Anuradhapura. Following the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka it was the first dagoba to be built in Sri Lanka which also enshrines the collarbone of the Buddha.
Also known as the Brazen Palace or Lohaprasadaya. This building was also built by King Dutugamunu.
The Jetavanaramaya is yet another stupa which was initiated by King Mahasena. A part of a sash or belt which was used by the Buddha himself is believed to be enshrined here.
This ruin is considered one of the most extensive ruins in the world and has a roof made of gilt bronze or tiles of burnt clay. The Abhayagiri Dagaba attracted scholars in ancient times from all over the world.
Another masterpiece built by King Dutugamunu.
This stupa was built by King Valagamba.
Minneriya National Park
Located between Habarana and POLONNARUWA, the 8890 hectares of Minneriya National Park is an ideal eco-tourism location in Sri Lanka. The park consists of mixed evergreen forest and scrub areas and is home to Sri Lanka ‘s favorites such as sambar deer, leopards, and elephants.
And the following are a few more structures that can be found in Anuradhapura, Isurumuniya, Vessagiri, Toluwila Statue, Magul Uyana, Kuttam Pokuna, Samadhi Statue, Rathna Prasadaya, Kiribath Vehera, Naka Viharaya, Sela Cetiya, Dakkhina Stupa, Queen’s Palace, Ritigala.
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